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pregnancy after 40 risks

Risks of pregnancy after 40

Currently there are many women who delay the age to get pregnant . This delay in motherhood usually has varied reasons. Marriage in advanced age, professional and personal realization, fertility problems, economic difficulties, etc. But there are certain risks of pregnancy after 40, as we see below.

Nowadays, the average age to get pregnant is around 31 years. But many delay it until after the age of 35. As the woman’s age advances, and she approaches the age of 40, her fertility decreases.

However, today there are many medical and technological advances that make it possible for late pregnancies to come to fruition, despite the risks involved.

It is true that there are certain risks associated with a late age , but it is a decision that must be analyzed as a couple . Be that as it may, you have to be sure of the possible consequences and problems that could arise. Once valued everything, it’s up to you to decide.

Next we are going to analyze some of the risks and cares that you should take into account if you decide to have a pregnancy after 40.


What are the risks of pregnancy after age 40?


The probability of getting pregnant decreases the higher the mother’s age . If you have tried to stay in condition for more than six months and you do not get it, you should talk to your doctor about possible fertility treatments.

Chromosomal abnormalities

The most common is Down syndrome, which is characterized by varying degrees of mental retardation and malformations of the heart. The probability of this syndrome increases with the age of the mother:

  • 1 in 1250 babies at 25 years old
  • One in every 400 babies at 35 years
  • 1 out of every 100 babies at 40
  • 1 out of every 30 babies at 45


In women over 40, the risk of losing the baby is doubled if we compare it with a 20-year-old woman or starting at 30.

Arterial hypertension

This usually occurs at the end of the second trimester and stays that way until the pregnancy ends. The probability increases with maternal age. This problem requires a rigorous control of the mother and the fetus , sometimes leading to induced labor.

Gestational diabetes

With age increases the risk of diabetes during pregnancy. This affects the mother and the baby if not controlled as it should be, causing urine infections, excessive weight gain or premature birth.


It is a serious problem that usually appears during pregnancy. Preeclampsia causes high blood pressure, presence of protein in the urine and swelling of the face and hands . It can add problems in the nervous system, causing seizures and strokes among other serious complications.

Problems in childbirth

The risks of having complications in childbirth increase in women over 40 who have their first baby . Among the most frequent problems are:

  • Premature delivery
  • Placenta previa (the placenta is placed abnormally over the opening of the cervix)
  • Postpartum hemorrhage
  • Amniotic fluid with meconium (fetal waste, which can be harmful if aspirated at birth)
  • Cesarean section (the risks associated with age and other factors can cause the mother to require a cesarean to avoid other possible complications)

How to minimize the risks of pregnancy after 40?

  • pregnant woman in the doctor's officeFind out with your doctor about the genetic complications and the tests you have to perform during pregnancy to detect them.
  • Take vitamins Folic acid intake before you get pregnant to avoid spina bifida in your baby.
  • If you have diseases prior to your pregnancy, make sure they are controlled and stable before you get pregnant.
  • Take a healthy and balanced diet.

After reading the risks, if you are one of the mothers who has decided to delay the time of motherhood, do not worry, every time there are more medical advances that minimize all the negative effects of age . In addition, you can enjoy the happiness of being a parent after having your professional career developed and spending more time with the new member of the family.

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