Lumigan ophthalmic drops are used to treat open-angle glaucoma, It belongs to a group of medicines called Prostaglandin F 2 α. Lumigan is available for sale at two concentrations 0.01% ( 0.1 mg per 1 ml drop) and 0.03% ( 0.3 mg per 1 ml drop).
Lumigan eye drops are used to reduce elevated intraocular pressure. This increased pressure can lead to a condition called glaucoma. If the increased pressure is not lowered, it may compromises your eyesight.
Lumigan eye drops contains different ingredients ; Bimatoprost, Benzalkonium chloride, sodium chloride, Disodium-7-water, Citric acid monohydrate, Hydrochloric acid and Sodium hydroxide solution for pH adjustment.
How does it work ?
Your eye contains a clear, watery liquid that provides the inner lining with nutrients. This fluid is constantly drained from the eye and replaced with new fluid. If the drain can not be made quickly enough, the pressure in the eye increases. Lumigan ensures that the derived amount of fluid increases. This reduces the intraocular pressure. Lumigan can be used alone or in combination with other eye drops (called beta-blockers) that also lower the intraocular pressure.
How to use for best results ?
Lumigan should only be used on the eye. Always use it exactly as your doctor has told you. Please check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure. Unless prescribed by the doctor, the usual dose once a day in the evening is one drop of Lumigan in each eye to be treated.
If you are taking Lumigan with another ophthalmic drug, first administer LUMIGAN eye drops and wait at least 5 minutes after lumigan instillation before using any other eye drops.
How to apply properly ?
Do not use the contents of the bottle if the protective seal on the neck of the bottle is damaged before it breaks for the first time.
- Wash your hands. Lay your head back and look up.
- Carefully pull the lower lid down until it forms a small pocket.
- Turn the bottle until the opening points down and press down on the bottle until a drop falls into the eye.
- Release the lower lid and keep the eye closed for 30 seconds.
- If a drop does not get in the eye, try again.
To prevent infection, do not touch the eye or other surfaces with the dropper tip of the bottle. Immediately after use put the bottle cap back on and close the bottle.
Make sure the unit dose container is not damaged. The eye drop solution must be used immediately after opening. To prevent contamination, do not bring the open end of the unit dose container into contact with either the eye or other objects.
Lumigan should be used once daily for it to work properly. If you stop using Lumigan, the pressure in your eye may increase. Talk to your doctor before stopping this treatment.
If you use Lumigan more than you should, you are unlikely to develop serious problems. Carry out the next application at the scheduled time. If you have any concerns, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
If you forget to use Lumigan, drop one drop as soon as you notice the failure and then proceed as planned. Do not use a double dose to make up for the missed one.
Precautions to conside
Lumigan should not be used:
- If you are allergic or hypersensitive to bimatoprost or any of the other ingredients of Lumigan.
- If you had to discontinue the use of eye drops because of a side effect of the preservative benzalkonium chloride in the past.
Take special care with Lumigan if :
– You have breathing problems.
– You have a liver or kidney disease.
– You had a cataract operation in the past.
– You suffer from dry eye.
– You have or had problems with your cornea (anterior translucent part of the eye).
– You wear contact lenses.
– You have or had low blood pressure or a low heart rate.
– You had a virus infection or an inflammation of the eyes.
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including over the counter medicines obtained without a prescription such as anti-inflammatory medications like Diclofenac, naproxen and Ibuprofen.
Pregnancy & Breastfeeding
- Lumigan should not be used during pregnancy unless your doctor has advised you to do so.
- Do not breastfeed while using Lumigan as it can get into the breast milk.
Use while driving
For a short time after using Lumigan, you may have blurred vision. You should not drive or operate machinery until you see clearly.
Use in children
Lumigan has not been tested in children less than 18 years of age and should not be used in adolescents under the age of 18 years. Store drug out of reach of children.
Use with contact lenses
Do not use any eye drops while wearing your contact lenses. Wait 15 minutes after dropping Lumigan eye drops before replacing your contact lenses. A preservative, benzalkonium chloride, contained in Lumigan may causes eye irritation and discoloration of soft contact lenses.
Reported side effects
Like all medicines, Lumigan can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. Most of these side effects are not serious.
These are side effects that can affect 1 to 9 in every 100 people;
- Fine cracks in the ocular surface, with or without inflammation,
- Mild Redness (up to 29% of individuals).
- Eye itching.
- Longer eyelashes.
- Irritation when administered to the eye.
- Inflamed, red and itchy eyelids.
- Darkening of the skin around the eye.
- Hair growth in the eye area.
These are side effects that can affect 1 to 9 in every 1,000 people. Effects on the eye includes:
- Darkening of the iris
- Tired eyes
- Swelling of the ocular surface
- Blurred vision
- Dry skin
- Encrustation on the edge of the eyelid
- Swelling of the eyelid
Apart from the side effects when using Lumigan 0.1 mg/ml, the following side effects have been reported with another concentration with higher potency of bimatoprost (0.3 mg/ml): allergic reaction in the eye; Sensitivity to light, darkening of the eyelashes, pain, foreign body sensation in the eye, sticky eyes, difficulty seeing clearly, burning sensation, tearing of the eyes, dryness, elevated blood test values ??indicating the function of your liver, increased blood pressure, cystoid macular edema (swelling of the retina) which leads to a worsening of vision, inflammation in the eye, retinal haemorrhage.
Lumigan may causes increased growth of eyelashes, as well as darkening of the skin around the eyelid. Women use these effects as an off label use to have a long eyelashes, find out more here.
In addition, the iris color can become darker with the prolonged use. These changes can be lasting for some weeks even after stopping using Lumigan. This effect can be more visible if only one eye is treated.