Taking into account the appropriate doses of each medicine is essential for the drugs to have the effect we are looking for. In some cases, exceeding us can lead us to attempt against our own well-being.
Every time we try to self-medicate, we are making a big mistake. Well, doctors are very knowledgeable about the types of doses in pharmacology that best suit each patient and their needs. If we self-medicate, we are likely to incur an inadequate dose.
Today we will discover up to 6 types of doses in pharmacology that we need to know and keep well in mind. Not only to know its meaning, but to be aware of the importance of having to go to a professional who tells us the proper doses of the prescribed medication.
Table of Contents
Essential dosage types in pharmacology
Next, we will treat each of the 6 types of doses in pharmacology separately. We will see them in depth, we will put some example and we will discover why it is not recommendable that we self-medicate . Go for it!
1. Ineffective dose
This first of the types of doses in pharmacology refers to that dose that is ineffective for a patient . Imagine that we have been prescribed a syrup to relieve cough, but in spite of taking the maximum dose allowed, it has no effect.
When a dose is ineffective what doctors usually do is prescribe another drug that is different , but whose goal is the same. Sometimes, for reasons that sometimes have no answer, some drugs do not help us solve the diseases we suffer.
2. Minimum dose
When we are prescribed a drug, there is always a minimum dose and another maximum dose that should never be exceeded. The normal thing is that at the beginning we are always prescribed the minimum dose .
This is the smallest amount of a medicine that produces some healing effect . If we have the flu , for example, and we are prescribed some effervescent envelopes to alleviate the symptoms, it is very possible that with the minimum dose (2 a day) we will do well.
3. Maximum dose
What happens if with two effervescent envelopes a day flu symptoms do not subside? That we will have to try to increase that dose. Depending on the drugs, it can be done gradually. For example, if we are taking some pills and the minimum dose is to take one, but the maximum is to take up to three, before reaching this end we will try to take two. In this way, we will avoid consuming a higher unnecessary dose.
This third of the types of doses in pharmacology is of vital importance that we do not exceed it. Well, the maximum dose of a drug does not involve any risk . But, if we pass this border, we may put ourselves in danger.
4. Toxic dose
When we exceed and exceed the maximum and safe dose of a drug, we will enter what we know as a toxic dose. We give our body a quantity of drug that is already harmful and the side effects do not take long to appear.
Vomiting, diarrhea, low blood pressure … These are some of the symptoms that can lead to a toxic dose of a medication. At what times do we incur a toxic dose? When a medicine does not take effect, desperate and without being clear about the maximum dose we consume more than adequate .
5. Deadly dose
It is very important that we pay close attention to the last of the types of doses in pharmacology. Because although some medications for a large amount that are ingested can only be toxic, others can lead to death.
Strong medications, designed to relieve depression or anxiety symptoms, or those that treat disorders, are very likely to lead to a fatal dose if we exceed their consumption.
Sometimes, to get a fatal dose you have to consume a large amount of drug . Normally, this is done when someone plans to commit suicide . However, by mistake or dismissal, you can also consume more medications from the account.
As we have seen in all these types of doses in pharmacology is that the monitoring and the prescription issued by a doctor is always very important. Self-medication can lead to a toxic or deadly dose due to total ignorance.
A medication may cause serious side effects in your minimum doses. Others, nor with the maximum dose we get any effect. However, having a professional follow up on all this will guarantee that, in the end, we will consume what will work for us in the right doses.