5 Things You Didn’t Know About Chlamydia
They are still considered a big taboo: sexually transmitted diseases. Chlamydia – the most common STD – in particular is insidious and common. Let’s take a look at the ins and outs of Chlamydia. An STD that nearly 100,000 people contract each year…
You don’t always get complaints from Chlamydia
Chlamydia is a dangerous STD . About 50 percent of men experience no symptoms. For women, this percentage is estimated to be around 70 percent. Do you get complaints? Then they often occur after a few days. Sometimes the complaints disappear on their own, but that does not mean that the STI has disappeared. Unfortunately, complaints are quite common. In women, the symptoms resemble those of a bladder infection. There is not one clear complaint that points exactly to Chlamydia. If you get painful urination and have had unprotected sex a short time before, you should think about Chlamydia. But only testing provides certainty.
Chlamydia is not only genital
Most people think that they can only contract an STD from the genitals. This is not right. The infection occurs in the throat, cervix, rectum, or urethra. From figures of STD shows that 15 percent of people test positive for genital Chlamydia. There are even more positive tests for rectal Chlamydia (20 percent). Oral Chlamydia is less common. Only 4 percent contracted this STI orally. The STI tests are therefore also different and must be performed separately. For example, a cotton swab is used to collect body material from the throat, anus or vagina. And genital Chlamydia is detected in men by a small amount of urine.
Chlamydia is highly contagious
The chance that you will become infected with Chlamydia during unprotected sex with a bed partner who already has this STD is about 45 percent. Because more than half of people do not get any complaints after being infected, there is a good chance that this STI is passed on to bed partners unconsciously. In recent years, this number has increased as more and more people engage in casual sex through dating apps, such as Tinder. So test yourself regularly. Especially if you have had unsafe genital, anal and/or oral sex. Condoms prevent you from becoming infected with Chlamydia or any other sexually transmitted disease.
You can become infertile
The chance that men become infertile due to Chlamydia is nil. This is different with women. It is estimated that 500 to 1000 women in the Netherlands become infertile every year because of Chlamydia. If this STD is left untreated, the harmful bacteria can cause inflammation in the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries via the vagina. This is also known as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). For example, the Chlamydia bacteria leaves fluid in the fallopian tube. As a result, the sperm cells cannot reach the egg cell properly and the chance of fertilization decreases. The more often you contract Chlamydia, the greater the chance that a woman will become infertile. A fallopian tube infection is detected on the basis of abdominal examination, the collection of blood and urine and an ultrasound of the uterus and ovaries. Inflammation in the uterus, fallopian tube or ovary usually heals completely. But be there on time.
Test, test and test again
As with Corona, testing is the only way to get certainty. In recent months, testing for STDs at the GGD has virtually come to a standstill. Of course, tackling the corona crisis takes priority. Fortunately, there are good online alternatives. With a certified anonymous STD test you can test from home. Please note that the provider tests via a laboratory. Only lab tests are reliable. Many loose contacts? Then test yourself regularly, once every 6 months. And do you test positive? Then let yourself be treated and warn your partner(s)!