4 Answers You Should Know to Control Acne
Do you suffer from acne? There are solutions. Proper hygiene and products tailored to your skin type can help you overcome it.
Nowadays, the social pressure related to the desire to look good is very strong. Due to its unsightly nature, acne is often considered unpleasant. Because of preconceived ideas, taboos and misinformation on the subject, it is difficult to shed light on this condition, which affects about 85 per cent of adolescents and 11 per cent of adults. The following information makes it possible to distinguish the true from the false with regard to acne.
WHAT IS ACNE?
Acne comes in the form of blackheads (called comedons) or whiteheads, pimples (called pustules) or cysts (filled with pus). The face, neck, shoulders, back and chest are the parts of the body that are most often affected.
WHAT CAUSES ACNE?
Hypersecretion (abundant production) of sebum is the main cause of acne. A fatty substance secreted by the sebaceous glands, sebum has the role of protecting the skin against drying out. Excess sebum accumulates on the surface of the skin and makes it oiler, causing the pores of the skin to clog. This promotes the development of bacteria and the appearance of acne. Sebum hypersecretion is caused mainly by a hormonal imbalance during puberty or the menstrual cycle. Other factors that can promote acne include:
- taking certain medications
- the presence of fat and dust in the workplace
- excessive skin friction
- lack of hygiene
- “playing” with the lesions
- having hair close to the face or touching it
- the use of oil-based cosmetics
HOW TO PREVENT ACNE?
Here are some basic recommendations to prevent and reduce the progression of acne:
- Wash the skin regularly, in the morning and evening, using a cleanser for acne-prone skin such as Keracnyl cleansing gels from Ducray or Cleanance from Avène that are soap-free, to prevent the accumulation of sebum and oil.;
- Remove make-up in depth.;
- Use creams and makeup that are non-comedogenic, that is, that will not block the pores of the skin.;
- Shave your face with an electric razor, ideally. If you prefer razor blades, shave in the shower, when the skin is well hydrated and soft. Use soap or foam and shave in the direction of the hairs.;
- Do not wear a cap or hat if acne is located on the forehead. The friction of tissues on the skin can promote acne.;
- If you use gel or hair fixative, be careful not to apply it to the face. These products can clog the pores of the skin.;
- If your hair touches the face, be sure to wash it frequently to remove any oil and dirt residue.;
- If you wear glasses, wash them frequently to prevent acne on the nose and around the eyes.;
- Avoid touching your face with your hands. There is oil, dirt and bacteria on the fingers that can promote the appearance of infected pimples.;
- Avoid touching lesions, blackheads and pimples. This practice can cause inflammation and scarring.
CAN ACNE BE TREATED?
If you suffer from mild acne, several cleaning products and treatments can help you stop the problem. The majority of over-the-counter products are composed of benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. These drugs have an exfoliating action, that is, they have the effect of removing dead skin and preventing the development of bacteria. They are therefore effective in treating cases of acne where the presence of black or white dots is noted, without inflammation or cyst. In the majority of cases, you will notice a significant improvement only a few days or weeks after the start of treatments. To get the most out of the drugs, read the manufacturer’s instructions carefully before using them.
In general, juvenile acne (in adolescents) is treated well. Unfortunately, adult acne is sometimes more difficult to treat. Some products, such as TriAcnéal Expert from Avène, are specially designed for the needs of adult skin.
If you have severe symptoms of acne then it is recommended to consult a doctor. In your case, prescription treatment may be indicated. Do not neglect to do such a treatment: you will avoid long-term consequences, such as permanent scarring.